Originally Posted by Descartes
I hope Richard, or someone else with a historical bent has a clue with palette. As far as I can tell we are talking about a large number of colours (lot of darks).
For the record, the only thing I'm an expert at is nothing.
Chase studied old masters, so even if you can't find his exact palette, it's going to be a limited palette (or reasonably limited) with the paint having a high degree of mixing capabilities.
Try mixing this for a range of values :
red with a little blue is violet (closer to the light source but not in the light)
red by itself (in the light)
red with a little yellow is orange (turning from the light)
red with a little black is brown (not in the light), suppliment with Brown Ochre for the transition.
If you can mix that, it should give you Caravaggio, Rembrandt, Vermeer, Valesquez, etc., and William Merrit Chase. Iyla Repin and Frans Hals were rumored to have 6 colors on their palette. It can be done. Might also research Zorn for limited palette ideas.
I use 3 reds to make my "perfect red" : Genuine Madder (leans towards blue) for highlight reds, and Genuine Vermillion (leans toward orange) for shadow reds. Transparent Red Oxide (or Burnt Sienna). Some artists use a Permanent Red for mixing, which is firetruck red, and from there mix it towards blue or orange. I'm not sure what Chase used on his palette, but it looks like Venetian Red and Transparent Red Oxide (or Burnt Sienna). And that looks like Brown Ochre for the transitional color. So for this study, I was going try Venetian Red for the background, and test different yellows to see which one achieved that greater range of values.
The flesh yellow looks like Genuine Naples Yellow, but he probably uses Yellow Ochre in the mix for flesh pinks and flesh oranges. He capitalizes upon a Green-Grey, a Blue-Grey, and a Red-Grey (or Purple-Grey).
Other ideas :
White: Lead White and Calcite
Yellow: Yellow Iron Oxide, Lead-Tin Yellow, and Naples Yellow
Orange: Orange Iron Oxide and Vermilion
Red: Red Iron Oxide, Vermilion, and Organic Red Lake
Blue: Azurite, Lapiz Lazuli, and Smalt
Brown: Brown Iron Oxide and Manganese Oxide
Black: Organic black of vegetal or animal origin
Green: Azurite, Iron Oxide, and Lead-Tin Yellow
Purple: Organic Red Lake and Azurite
Odd Nerdrum Palette?
Titanium White w/ a tint of Old Holland Blue (which he pre-mixed into a tube)
Brilliant Yellow Light
Madder (Crimson) Lake Deep Extra
Brown Ochre (Deep?)
Warm Grey (which he pre-mixed from Ti White/ Brown Ochre/ Green Umber)
Mars Black (warmer and less harsh than Ivory Black)
Gilbert Stuart Palette?
(asphaltum and/or Van Dyke brown were often used for finishing)
Frans Hals Palette . .
Zorn Palette . .
You see the overlaps, right?