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Old 04-07-2008, 03:51 PM
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Dale Ziegler Dale Ziegler is offline
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Tropical Fruit—a Negative Painting DEMO

I did this painting for a W/C Studio challenge and photographed it step by step, especially to show the importance of Negative Painting.

fruit vendor
14x10 on 140# stretched arches CP


This is my messy palette and the brushes I use. All flats— 1”, 1/2”, 1/4” natural hair of unknown origin (probably squirrel) and 3/4 and 1/8 inch synthetics, and a small round for small details (not shown).

Colors around my palette from L to R: Burnt Umber, Burnt Sienna, Raw Sienna, Lemon Yellow, New Gamboge, Indian Yellow, Permanent Orange, English Red, Alizarin Crimson, Permanent Rose, Cadmium Red, Ivory Black, Windsor Violet, Ultramarine Blue, Cobalt Blue,Cerulean Blue, Pthalo Blue, Pthalo Green, Hookers Green.These colors remain on my palette, but I seldom use more than seven or eight in one painting.

For this demo, I used Burnt Sienna and Raw Sienna, New Gamboge, Lemon Yellow, Orange, Perm. Rose, Windsor Violet, Ultramarine Blue, and Hookers Green.

reference photo from the Reference Image LIBRARY






1.
I start wwith a light wash of blue on the shadow side of the figure and a light wash of Indian Yellow on the shadow side some of the fruit— just to establish a light source and direction.

After that is completely dry, I add the first wash of the flesh (burnt sienna) and do some darker blue on the head piece. You can layer colors like this without getting mud, as long as you use the same color for each wash. Use a soft brush and be sure the first wash is completely dry.



2.
I do a second wash of darker blue in the shadow areas. When dry, I do the darker shadows of the flesh—mostly burnt sienna with a touch of blue.



3.
I paint the tree trunk with burnt sienna and ultramarine blue using plenty of water and letting the colors mix on the paper. Most beginners paint too dry— You must paint wet to get those interesting blends.



4.
Next comes the fun part: The negative painting. I put a big wet mid tone wash of green over the background using hookers green, raw sienna, new gamboge, and ultramarine— again letting the colors mix on the paper. Notice how that mid tone makes the sunny look. Any color would work. I chose green because I’m going to turn it into foliage.

Note that what I painted AROUND the figure (negative painting) is just as important as what I painted ON the figure.



5.
More negative painting— I created the feeling of leaves by painting a darker green AROUND them.



6.
I do the first light washes on the fruit and begin to give them form by painting the shadow side darker. Remember to have the light coming from ONE source.



7.
I add a cast shadow of lavender-blue over part of the table and fruit. This adds more of the sunny look I’m after. But it took a lot of nerve to lay that wash over the fruit that I thought looked pretty good. However, it worked. Notice how the shadow falling over the green bananas gives them shape and form.




8.
More negative painting at the bottom turns that area into leaves.



The Finish
A little more modeling of the fruit and touch up here and there. I'll look at it for a few days to see if I want to make any changes. I already know that I want to soften that dark llne under the neck and chin.

Last edited by painterbear : 12-23-2008 at 05:25 AM.
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Old 04-07-2008, 04:19 PM
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HarvestMoon HarvestMoon is offline
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Re: Tropical Fruit, a demo

Dale- how DO you find the time??? Your exhibition alone would have wiped me out for 3 months....This is simply beautiful and totally amazing.... and wow your background looks SO MUCH better than the black garbage sacks!!! (I mean this seriously- as in how NOT to be a 'slave' to the reference photo)...
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Old 04-07-2008, 04:29 PM
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Re: Tropical Fruit, a demo

Dale,
This is a clear and easy to follow explanation and demo of negative painting.

Thank you so much for taking the progress photos and posting them with details of what you did.

I've given you my Mentor Point for today and rated this thread. I'll put it in the Learning Demos thread when you have finished with it.

Sylvia
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Old 04-07-2008, 09:31 PM
Alex1 Alex1 is offline
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Re: Tropical Fruit, a demo

Real nice job. And thanks for the pictures of the progression - just what beginners like me need.
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Old 04-07-2008, 09:45 PM
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Dale Ziegler Dale Ziegler is offline
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Re: Tropical Fruit, a demo

Linda, I've recovered! A lot of god sales will cure almost anything!
Sylvia & Alex, thanks for the kind words!
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Old 04-07-2008, 11:30 PM
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Re: Tropical Fruit, a demo

Dale this is so good!!! It makes me want to paint the fruit ventor which somehow I have been trying to avoid
The demo is so well explained. Thanks for all my heart and here is a mentor point!
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Old 04-08-2008, 01:50 AM
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Re: Tropical Fruit, a demo

Wonderful , Dale ! Clear, Concise done Beautifully with a Master's Touch.
You are also ,So Generous to take the time to help everyone out this way !
We have the same Pike pallette, I see. Wouldn't trade it in for a Million !!! He was also a Marvelous artist of our time.
I have his Books too .
Thank you , June
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Old 04-08-2008, 01:53 AM
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Re: Tropical Fruit, a demo

I have also given a Very deserved Mentor Point!!
june
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Old 04-08-2008, 03:08 AM
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Re: Tropical Fruit, a demo

Brilliant Dale, what a beauty

Thanks for doing this, I love to watch others work through a painting.

I am intrigued that you only use flats, I would be interested in your thoughts as to why??

I see this coming to life now that the reds are going in, they are making such a difference to the colours around them.
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Old 04-08-2008, 04:45 AM
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Re: Tropical Fruit, a demo

Thanks for such a wonderful Demo Dale. Very well explained.

-Monika.
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Old 04-08-2008, 06:52 AM
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Re: Tropical Fruit, a demo

A wonderful demo Dale, thank you so much for taking the time to explain your steps! I awarded you a mentor point and rated the thread

Ruth
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Old 04-08-2008, 07:59 AM
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Re: Tropical Fruit, a demo

Great demo. Thanks so much.

Shirley
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Old 04-08-2008, 10:16 AM
lyn lynch lyn lynch is offline
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Re: Tropical Fruit, a demo

Well done! I wonder about the flats too.
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Old 04-08-2008, 11:47 AM
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Dale Ziegler Dale Ziegler is offline
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Re: Tropical Fruit, a demo

Thanks June--, John Pike was and still is one of my favorites. His books are he best step by step instructions I have found anywhere.
I started using flats after I took a works shop with Frank Webb. He uses them almost exclusively. They're wonderful for cutting around things in negative panting and I use the corners for lines and details. Guess it's just what you get used to... dale
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Old 04-08-2008, 12:05 PM
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Re: Tropical Fruit, a demo

Great demo Dale. Thanks for sharing with us all
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Old 12-22-2008, 10:54 PM
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Fenggang Fenggang is offline
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Re: Tropical Fruit, a demo

Hi Dale,
It is you that let me know what is negative painting first time . Really thanks.
one more question, if the light source is not coming from one direction ,how do you handle that

thanks
Fenggang
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Old 12-25-2008, 05:01 AM
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Re: Tropical Fruit—a Negative Painting DEMO

Thank you for this wonderful andinstructive demo.
Michael
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Old 12-25-2008, 07:07 AM
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Re: Tropical Fruit—a Negative Painting DEMO

Dale, What a beautiful, nicely planned painting. Very helpful and instructive to me. Thank you.
Bill
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Old 12-25-2008, 09:14 AM
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Re: Tropical Fruit—a Negative Painting DEMO

Hi Dale, I remember this painting from a watercolor challenge on this forum some time ago. It was a challenge but I did it. Your version is always an inspiration. Thanx for this demo it helps me to understand watercolors more. Lil
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Old 12-26-2008, 03:58 AM
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Re: Tropical Fruit—a Negative Painting DEMO

Thank you Dale ... this demo was illuminating!
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Old 01-09-2009, 03:03 AM
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Re: Tropical Fruit—a Negative Painting DEMO

Dale,
I haven’t had much time to participate on WC lately…and for some reason I was drawn to this demo when I stopped by. It is a lovely painting, full of light and air…. and very inspiring to read and see your process. I particularly like your Amish paintings on your website.
Thank you for posting this.

Maggie
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