Originally Posted by MMCoston
I also want to ask about the expressive line of the dip pen. I'm wondering where it works best in compositions. Perhaps as outlines or shapes in shaded areas?
It works equally well in both outline & shaded areas.
You can learn most from studying drawing in that Pennel book link I gave you but look at the drawings & imagine what they would look like if they'd been done with a Micron type pen. However
good a draughtsmans hand you have it will look more alive & less mechanical a drawing if you use a dip pen.
The reason is that there is that there is a varying thickness of line,
that is the unique quality which it adds, & with such exquisite subtlety too !
Outline in P&I does not just portray the shape of the object but the lighting
of it too. So if you have a figure standing with a window to his left then the lines on the left side will be thin ,perhaps broken or none existent in the strongest light in parts. Whereas in the shadows on the opposite side of the direction of light - the lines will be thicker,heavier.
Even if this is not apparent in reality it is wise to invent & exaggerate this ! for pen & ink is an abstract medium -let's face it there's no photo reality in it ! Drama is it's forte ,however subtly done.
You can do all of the above without any areas of hatching or you can add as much as you wish - it's your judgement as to what looks best.
In that "golden age " I was talking about cross
hatching was largely abandoned in favour of using the straight or curving lines of hatching alone ,it having been seen by discerning artists that it can achieve all the tonal variation but without the mechanical feel of cross hatching & is more expressive.
Remember too,that texture
can play an important part in P&I. it can be used descriptively & to add tone to an area
That sensitivity of a dip pen will show any observer of your work so much about how the artist is feeling & you can't struggle or bluff with it & you can't correct mistakes
But these are virtues NOT vices , they show you the way to hang loose & just go for it ! That is the secret of pen & ink .
Be very careful though you might even waste a whole piece of paper
Just go for it !