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Old 04-01-2016, 09:20 AM
citrusartist citrusartist is offline
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Work In Progress: Raine

Portrait of Raine. Pastel on sanded Sennelier Card Nearly complete, now. I will be posting discussions of this portrait from the beginning stages through to completion. Other photos are available on my website: richarddevinefineart.com

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Old 04-04-2016, 12:13 PM
citrusartist citrusartist is offline
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Re: Work In Progress: Raine

I'll be posting updates to this Work In Progress from the beginning. Below is the first Update in this progression, a pastel portrait of my granddaughter.

Work in Progress: Raine, Update 1
As I mentioned at the end of the last Update, Iím inclined to do another portrait. I bought a few varieties of pastel paper over the past few months, with the intent to see how I like them for pastel portrait work. The brands I purchased were Canson mi tientes pastel paper in a few different colors, U-Art 500 sanded pastel paper and Sennelier La Carte Pastel paper. I used the Canson to do the portrait of Peaches. This time Iím going to use the Sennelier pastel paper. Being a sanded paper, it is much rougher in texture, so Iím real interested in how different the experience will be. The paper I chose was sand color.
The portrait Iíll be working on is one of my granddaughter, Raine. I took the photo some years ago but the expression and pose, I think, are very natural, and wonderful for a portrait. I was drawn also to the way the wind had played with her hair. Although the face is in light shade, there is plenty of light to define her features, and I like the sharp contrast in light and shade as the sunlight catches her hair. I think the lights of her hair will look good against the darker color of the sanded pastel paper. I have a number of other photos to help with the details.
The size of the portrait will be 16Ē by 20Ē but I havenít decided on horizontal or vertical format. Iím leaning toward horizontal.
The first step will be to place the figure on the paper, fix the topmost and bottommost points of the head and determine the angle between them. From there Iíll work out all the rest of the features. Iíll discuss the first steps next Update.

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Old 04-04-2016, 07:40 PM
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ArtistMelinda ArtistMelinda is offline
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Re: Work In Progress: Raine

THANK YOU for the wonderful instruction!
And naming the colors - BONUS!!
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Old 04-11-2016, 07:49 AM
citrusartist citrusartist is offline
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Re: Work In Progress: Raine

Work In Progress: Raine, Update 2
Iím a little late on this installment. Had a number of other responsibilities to take care of, and they took priority this past week. One of these responsibilities had to do with art, but from a construction point of view. Iím in the process of making changes to a sun room that will transform it into a studio. The room faces the back yard with a view to the gardens along the west side of the property. The view is enhanced by almost continuous windows along a semicircular west wall. I think it will eventually prove to be a great environment in which to do my painting.

Now, on to Update 2.
The first step in this portrait is the size and placement of the head on the paper. Portraits are generally done life size or a bit smaller. I want the size of the portrait to be 16Ē high by 20Ē wide. Most of my portraits are a vertical format but the photo suggested a horizontal format and Iím intrigued by the idea. The wind is blowing the pony tails outward, making the shape of the head, including hair, more horizontal than vertical
I also donít want to paint just the head. I want to include the neck and shoulder as well. I donít want to give the impression of a free floating head in space, but rather the head is connected to a body, even though only a portion of the body is shown. Additionally, I donít want the portrait to crowd the margins. I decided to leave two inches around all sides. That gave me 12 inches for the portrait and approximately 8 inches, or a bit less, for the head.
Using Photoshop Elements I determined the size photograph I would need so that the head on the photo would be one-half the final portrait size. That way, all measurements on the photo, doubled, would give me the final measurements for the portrait. Easy and convenient.

Steps to a likeness
Iím going to draw the portrait of Raine first on tracing paper. That way I can feel comfortable making the preliminary drawing with all it entails - making mistakes, adjusting, erasing and re-drawing lines (and starting over, if necessary) until Iím satisfied with the likeness. When I have a likeness, I can transfer it to the finish paper. No point in ruining a good sheet of pastel paper. Iíve broken down the portrait process into steps which work well for me and, if followed, can lead to a good likeness. The photos that accompany this discussion show the progression.

Step 1: Mark the location of the topmost point of the head and center of the chin.
I marked the topmost point of the head on the photo and marked the same point on the tracing paper. Next, knowing the length of the head I desired, I marked the level of the center of the chin on the tracing paper, and then marked the center point of the chin on the photo.
This next step is critical to the rest of the drawing. On the photo, I drew a line from the topmost point on the head to the center point of the chin. I then drew a line on the tracing paper at the same angle from the topmost point of the head to the line indicating the level of the chin. Where this line crossed the chin level line is the center point of the chin. It is important to get this angle correct because the placement of all points of the head are dependent on it.
Next, on the photo, I drew lines from the top of the head to the outside corners and inside corners of both eyes. On the drawing, I drew lines with the same angles, from the top point. To locate the position of the eyes, I measured, on the photo, the distance from the top reference point to the outside and inside corners of the eyes, then doubling this distance, located the position on the same lines on the drawing. I checked the angles and distances from the chin reference point to the corners of the eyes to make sure the eyes were located correctly. I also drew a line through the eyes on the photo and, noting the angle, duplicated it on the drawing. The angles and distances should match.
I repeated the same process with the outside corners of the mouth and the wings of the nose.
To further check the accuracy of the layout, the angles and distances between all the points established (eyes, mouth, nose, chin and top of head) can be measured and adjustments made until they all match the photo.

Step 2: Blocking in the head
After indicating the top of the head and the center of the chin, the location of the eyes , nose and mouth, the rest of the head can be roughly blocked in. Straight lines are used at first because they are easiest to draw with accuracy. One by one, I pick major points around the head and determine the angles and distances to them from the topmost point of the head. Using the center point of the chin, I repeat the same procedure and, by triangulation, the intersection of the angles from the two reference points (top of head and center of chin) indicate the location of the major points around the head. By sketching in lines connecting these points, I now have a rough (but fairly accurate) outline of the head.

Iíll stop at this point and in the next Update Iíll go on with refining this rough drawing to come up with a likeness.
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Old 04-20-2016, 09:35 AM
citrusartist citrusartist is offline
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Re: Work In Progress: Raine

Work In Progress: Raine, Update 3

Using the guidelines as I developed them in the last Update, I was able to rough in the facial features. At first I didnít try for detail, just to get in the general shapes within the guides that I drew in. I was careful, though, to stay within those guides.
Doing the eyes first allowed me to use the inside and outside corners as additional reference points to draw in the wings of the nose. The center of the brow ridge also can serve as a good reference point, along with the top of the head and the center of the chin. The eye corners can also be used to check the mouth corners against the chin and head top reference points.
As I refined the facial features I slowly lightened or erased the guidelines.
The final stage of this rough in involved outlining the shaded areas. The shade forms also define the features of the face and can be used to check the placement of the eyes, nose and mouth. I found that with each stage in the refinement process, I made further adjustments in shape and placement of the features. To help draw in the shade outlines, I converted the original photo to black and white and strengthened the contrasts to simplify the shadow forms.
After the rough in, I went to work on details by looking closely at the reference photo and drawing them in. The more accurate I am in the pencil drawing, the better start I will have on the color stage. Itís a time consuming process for me, making little adjustments here and there, checking measurements and angles as I go, making additional adjustments. With each little change the likeness improves.

For me, and this particular portrait, the process of producing a pencil likeness was more difficult than others I have done. And I think the reason it was more difficult is that Iím not used to developing my pencil drawings on a vertical easel. I think I have a little less control of the pencil. Iím more used to working on an inclined drawing board, where I have more control and support. I had to redraw lines and check angles and distances more than I liked. Near the end of the refinement, I finally removed the drawing from the easel and finished it on my drawing board. Maybe with more practice Iíll get better at working vertically. I had no problems with the portrait of Peaches, and completed the whole portrait, from start to finish, on a vertical. Maybe I just wasnít at my best this past week. Anyway, I had to work harder on Raineís portrait.

Through continued checking of angles and distances I continued the adjustments and developed a good pencil likeness. The drawing is now ready for transfer to the final paper and I can begin the color stage.
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Old 05-01-2016, 12:11 PM
citrusartist citrusartist is offline
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Re: Work In Progress: Raine

Work In Progress: Raine, Update 4
The next step in the process is the transfer to the final paper. Rather than blacken the back of the drawing I elected to blacken one side of a separate sheet of tracing paper and use it to do the transfer. There are instances where the line work on the front side is not clearly visible when the back is blackened, and since accuracy is necessary, I didnít want to take a chance on being able to follow the line work, I used a separate sheet. I also didnít want to go over existing line work just to make it darker. In case it became necessary to re-draw the head, I didnít want to make unnecessary and possibly detrimental marks on a drawing. I might want to use it again in the future.
Once the sheet of tracing paper was blackened on one side with an HB pencil, I slipped it between the drawing and the Sennelier pastel paper. I then carefully went over the lines with a ball point pen. The pen had no ink in it, so no lines were made on the drawing.
The first step in the creation of this portrait was to produce a line drawing in pastel. I re-drew the lines carefully with a CO burnt sienna pastel pencil and added shading. At this stage the main shade masses are indicated generally and done lightly.

The next step is stating the darks, mid tones and lights, again in general terms. I made no attempt to fill in solidly, just lightly and generally again. This step is to just map out the tones. I kept the darks a little lighter than in the photo, and the mid tones and lights a little lighter. That would enable me to go darker on the darks and lighter on the mid tones and lights as I progressed. This gave me some leeway in both directions.
First, I placed in the lighter of the darks in the face (shadows of the eye sockets, right lower cheek and chin, inner part of the left cheek, and neck) with CO burnt sienna. Next, I used CO bister very lightly for the darks in the hair and, even more lightly, on the lower part of the right cheek, the right eye socket and on the lower neck, near the blouse.
To give some definition to the mouth, I used CO bister for the interior of the mouth.
I will probably leave the remainder of the hair now until I get most or all of the face finished.
The mid tones begin at the edges of the shadows, separating the darks from the lights. I considered mid tones to be the forehead, outer part of the left cheek, upper right cheek near the nose, the nose and philtrum (area between the nose and upper lip), below the lower lip and down on to the chin, and the outer edge of the neck. For the base color of the mid tones I used FC light flesh.
The lights were done with FC ivory. Here I mapped out the far right side of Raineís face and also the very edge of the neck just under the chin.

The lips were defined with FC medium flesh, FC dark red and FC ivory. The eyes were colored in with FC light ultramarine and FC chrome green opaque.

Now, Iíll go back to the face, re-state the darks, mid tones and lights and continue to refine the features.
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Old 05-07-2016, 08:29 AM
citrusartist citrusartist is offline
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Re: Work In Progress: Raine

Work In Progress: Raine, Update 5
Over the past week Iíve continued to refine the facial features, building up color layers. I am not pushing very hard on the pastels. Very little pressure on the pencils. Laying in the color by very gently rubbing on the color, rather than rubbing in the color. This way Iím able to build up many, many layers. When Iím adding layers of color I hold the pencil at a very shallow angle. Actually rubbing on with the side of the point of the pencil. I use a mat knife to cut a very long point on the end of the pencil and keep it sharp with a single edge razor blade. I also work the pencil at steeper angles, also with a very sharp point, when Iím working details, but use the side of the pencil when blending larger areas where smoothness and gentle transition is necessary.
The colors Iím using for the face are PP light flesh, brown ochre, burnt ochre, cinnamon, burnt carmine, caput mortuum and raw umber. Iíve made some adjustments to the eyelids also. To knock down the brightness on the right cheek I used some brown ochre.
All along Iíve been looking at the face in isolation and wanted to get a feeling for the entire head, so I decided to place in the lights of the hair. At this point Iím not interested in detail, just block in the light masses. For this purpose I used CO 105 ivory and CO 692 golden ochre light.
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Old 05-23-2016, 02:14 PM
citrusartist citrusartist is offline
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Re: Work In Progress: Raine

Work In Progress: Raine, Update 6
During the past week Iíve brought this portrait much closer to completion. Much of the face is finished, save for small adjustments. I also finished most of the hair, again, save for adjustments. Some of the blouse has been blocked in roughly and color has been added to the arm.
The lights of the hair are predominantly CO 105 ivory and CO 692 golden ochre light. To get some of the darker shades I worked in CO 690 golden ochre, PP 180 raw umber and PP 182 brown ochre. CO 610 raw umber was worked into the darker shadows.
The hair colors were basically stroked in with a sharp point. This gives the feel of individual hair, as can be seen in the detail photo of the pigtail. It takes more time to do it this way, as I had to rotate through colors to build up layers to cover the paper. However, it gives a more real appearance in the end. Care has to be taken to get the curves of the hair masses smooth. Sometimes I would lay the pencil point down and draw out a long stroke. Other times I would stroke in shorter lines. I went back and forth with the colors, adding in darker ones, then putting in lighter colors. In the end I carefully added in errant hairs in mostly light colors. These stray hairs blown away from the masses, and sometimes going in different directions, added to the realism. I did have check often my placement and make sure I didnít overdo it.
Working with CO 692 golden ochre light, PP 189 cinnamon, PP 132 light flesh, PP 283 burnt sienna and PP 180 raw umber I layered in the skin tones of the arm. The side of the pencil was used, with a light touch and a back and forth, as well a circular motion to build up color. I kept stepping back to look at the painting from a distance, assessing the general color and tone, then stepping back up and adding more color. In this way I slowly crept up on the color and tone so it appeared uniform.
CO 670 burnt sienna was used to get the warm, reddish color of the crease of the arm as it joins the shoulder. The darker shadows were accomplished with PP 187 burnt ochre and CO 610 raw umber.
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Old 05-26-2016, 08:54 AM
citrusartist citrusartist is offline
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Re: Work In Progress: Raine

Work In Progress: Raine, Update 7
Here is the completed Portrait of Raine. I made some adjustments and refinements in the painting. The area under the chin was darkened a little bit. I also made some small adjustments in the eyes, the width and size of the pupils. Small adjustments to the mouth. Also finished up the shirt. I purposely did not do a lot of detail work on the clothing, as I wanted to keep the emphasis on the face.
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Old 05-27-2016, 04:50 AM
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Re: Work In Progress: Raine

beautiful
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Old 06-15-2016, 12:19 PM
emdoug emdoug is offline
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Re: Work In Progress: Raine

I love this! It's playful and young and it makes me want to be a kid again
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