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Old 05-18-2007, 09:48 PM
Laura D's Avatar
Laura D Laura D is offline
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Washington
 
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Paint toxicity report

There have been some concerns about the toxic ingredients in the paints we use, from using in airbushes, spraying out of Biro covers with mouths and disposing of wash water when painting en plein air.

The following information was gathered mainly from one of our sponsors, Dick Blick. Several facts have been gathered from paint manufacturers' websites. I am sure other information is available from different sources.

My intention is to present facts rather than start a debate about right and wrong practices. If a debate persues perhaps it could be carried on elsewhere. Thank you.

Safety Labeling

The Art and Creative Materials Institute, Inc. (*ACMI*) has been evaluating and certifying art, craft, and other creative materials to ensure that they are properly labeled. This certification program is reviewed by ACMI's Toxicology Advisory Board.

Products bearing the AP (Approved Product) Seal of the Art a& Creative Materials Institute, Inc. (ACMI) are certified in a program of toxicological evaluation by a medical expert to contain no materials in sufficient quantities to be toxic or injurous to humans or to cause acute or chronic health problems. These products are certified by ACMI to be labeled in accordance with the chronic hazard labelling standard ASTM D 4236 and Federal law , P.L. 100-695 and there is no physical hazard as defined with 29 CFR Part 1910.1200(c)." (These are US laws.)

Additionally, products bearing the CP Non-Toxic Seal meet specific requirements of material, workmanship, working qualities and color described in appropriate product standards issued by ACMI or other recognized standards organizations.

Products bearing the CL (Cautionary Labeling) Seal identify products that are certified to be properly labeled in a program of toxicological evaluation by a medical expert for any known health risks and with information of the safe and proper use of these materials. This seal appears on only 15% of the adult art materials in ACMI's certification program and on none of the children's materials. These products are also certified by ACMI to be labeled in accordance with the chronic hazard labeling standard, ASTM D 4236 and the U.S. Labeling of Hazardous Art Maertials Act. See our website DickBlick.com for additional safety information.

CA PROP 65 Labeling

The state of California requires clear and reasonable warnings on products containing chemicals that have been shown to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm. Even if these products contain only trace levels of harmful chemicals, a warning is required. Caution is recommended when using the products in this catalog that are labeled for CA PROP 65.
Quoted from a Dick Blick catalog.

Other Regulatory Information:

UK regulatory reference: Chemicals (Hazard Information & Packaging) Regulations 1993

EU Directives: Dangerous Preparations Directive 88/379. System of specific information relating to Dangerous Preparations 91/155.

Approved Code of Practice: Classification and Labelling of Substances and Preparations Dangerous for Supply.

Toxic pigments

Aluminum
The dust is an eye and respiratory irritant. Increased levels found in brains of people with Altzheimer's Disease.
Amorphous Silica
Skin and mild eye irritant.
Cadmium, Cadmium Sulphide, Cadmium Selenide
Internal exposure = risk of cancer. Low in acute toxicity. Long term exposure by inhalation and/or ingestion may cause lung disease, kidney damage and increase risk of cancer. Soluable forms are more dangerous.
Carbon Black
Possible carginogen in humans.
Chromium Compounds
Cancer causing agents if exposed internally. May have delayed effect on the respiratory system. Eye and skin irritant.
Cobalt, Soluable Cobalt, Cobalt aluminate, Zinc Chrome Cobalt
May cause damage to the heart or lungs and is a suspected carginogen. May cause shortness of breath, easy fatigability and chest pain. Prolonged contact with skin may result in hives, eczema. Medical conditions such as heart disease and chronic dermatitis can be aggrevated. Do not spray. Wash hands immediately after use. Do not eat, drink or smoke while using. If swallowed get prompt medical attention. For more information contact your local Poison Control center.
Copper
Inhalation and ingestion are dangerous. Short term exposure induces cold-like symptoms and may irritate the eye. Long term exposure can cause skin irritation and discoloration in skin or hair.
Crystalline Silica
A carginogen through inhalation overexposure.
Iron Oxide
Can cause respiratory problems.
Lead
Known poisonous substance affecting:
in children - the brain, nervous system, blood cells and ability to use Vitamin D and calcium.
in adults - serious reproductive problems.
Manganese, Manganese Compounds
Can cause harm to developing fetus.
Nickel
Cancer causing agent. Do not spray.
Quinacradones
May cause demititis. Eye, skin and respiratory irritants.
Phthalocyanines
May cause dermititis. Eye, skin, respiratory irritants.
Titanium dioxide
A suspected carcinogen and reproductive toxicant.
Zinc Oxide
Known to cause cancer and harm reproductive organs/processes
Zinc Sulphide
Eye, nose and throat irritant. Can produce "metal fume fever".

Notes:

CA PROP 65 = California Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act. The "65" seal is required on these materials due to health hazards spread through waste disposal as well as personal exposure.

Fires can cause hazardous decomposition: Carbon Monoxide and Carbon Dioxode.

Disposal: Dispose of in accordance with Local Authority requirements.


CL Seal or CA PROP 65 colors by manufacturer

Holbein Watercolors
This product line has been certified in a program of toxicological evaluation by a medical expert and review by a toxicological advisory board (a certification program of ACMI). Due to the absence of recognized hazards in the balance of this product line no MSDS are required by OSHA Hazard Communication Standard. However, good working practices dictate that care be taken to avoid ingestion and unnecessary skin contact and to provide adequate ventilation if spray applying or mixing dry materials in a confined area:
Cobalt Violet Light
Peach Black
Vermillion

Daler-Rowney Artist's Watercolor
Aureolin
Bismuth Yellow
Cadmium Orange
Cadmium Red Deep
Cadmium Red Pale
Cadmium Yellow
Cadmium Yellow Hue
Cadmium Yellow Deep
Cadmium Yellow Pale
Cobalt Blue
Cobalt Blue Deep
Cobalt Green Deep
Cobalt Magenta
Cobalt Turqouise - Green Shade
Ceruleum
Gamboge Hue
Hooker's Green Light
Indian Yellow
Naples Yellow
Nickel Titanate Yellow
Olive Green
Sap Green

Winsor Newton Artisits Watercolors
Aureolin
Cadmium Lemon
Cadmium Orange
Cadmium Red
Cadmium Red Deep
Cadmium Scarlet
Cadmium Yellow
Cadmium Yellow Deep
Cadmium Yellow Pale
Cerulean Blue
Chinese White
Cobalt Blue Deep
Cobalt Blue
Cobalt Green
Cobalt Turquoise
Cobalt Turqouise Light
Cobalt Violet
Indian Yellow
Lemon Yellow (Nickel Titanate)
New Gamboge
Vermillion Hue

DaVinci Professional Watercolors
Aureolin Mix
Cadmium Orange
Cadmium Red Deep
Cadmium Red Light
Cadmium Red Medium
Cadmium Red Scarlet
Cadmium Yellow Deep
Cadmium Yellow Lemon
Cadmium Yellow Light
Cadmium Yellow Medium
Cerulean Blue Green
Cerulean Blue Genuine
Chinese White
Chromium Oxide Green
Cobalt Violet
Cobalt Violet Deep
Cobalt Turquoise
Manganese Blue Mix
Manganese Violet
Naples Yellow
Naples Yellow Deep
Nickel Titan Yellow
Viridian Green

Sennelier Aquarelle Extra-Fine Watercolors
Cadmium Green
Cadmium Lemon Yellow
Cadmium Red Light
Cadmium Red Orange
Cadmium Red Purple
Cadmium Yellow Deep
Cadmium Yellow Light
Cadmium Yellow Orange

Lascaux Aquacryl Watercolors
Material Safety Data Sheet only states under Hazardous Components:
2*Amino
2*Methylpropanol
Percentage 1-5%
Classification R52/53 Xi; R 36/39
AND
Not a hazardous substance or preparation according to EC-directives 67/548/EEC or 99/45/EC

Schmincke Horadam Aquarell Watercolors
Brilliant Yellow Dark
Cadmium Orange Deep
Cadmium Orange Light
Cadmium Orange
Cadmium Red Deep
Cadmium Red Light
Cadmium Red Middle
Cadmium Red Orange
Cadmium Yellow Deep
Cadmium Yellow Lemon
Cadmium Yellow Light
Cadmium Yellow Middle
Chrome Yellow Lemon (no lead)
Chrome Yellow Light (no lead)
Cobalt Blue Deep
Cobalt Cerulean
Cobalt Geen Dark
Cobalt Green Pure
Cobalt Geen Turquoise
Cobalt Turquoise
Green Yellow
Naples Yellow
Sap Green
Translucent Yellow

M Graham Watercolors
Cadmium Orange
Cadmium Red
Cadmium Red Light
Cadmium Yellow
Camium Yellow Light
Cerulean Blue
Cobalt Blue

Maimeri Blu
Site does not list which tubes contain hazardous materials. On their website you can click on each color to see which pigments each paint contains.
Their statement:
"Greater caution must be exercised when using products marked with the symbol shown in the catalogue and on the label, which indicates the presence of a harmful ingredient according to EEC manufactured materials directive CE88/379/CEE.
All colours and auxiliary products have been formulated according to the most recent EU directives for health risk prevention, and have been subjected to toxicological analysis by the Duke University Medical Centre in order to obtain the label of approval for the US market on the basis of ASTM D - 4236 standards."
Their MSDS report can be seen here.

Old Holland Classic Watercolors
Cadmium Green Deep
Cadmium Green Light
Cadmium Orange
Cadmium Red Deep
Cadmium Red Light
Cadmium Red Medium
Cadmium Red Purple
Cadmium Red Scarlet
Cadmium Yellow Deep
Cadmium Yellow Extra Deep
Cadmium Yellow Lemon
Cadmium Yellow Light
Cadmium Yellow Medium
Cadmium Yellow Orange
Cinnabar Green Light Extra

Pebeo Fragonard Watercolors
Cobalt Blue
Cobalt Violet
Dark Cadmium Yellow
Cadmium Yellow Lemon
Light Cadmium Green
Light Cadmium Yellow
Orange Cadmium Yellow
Red Cadmium

Prismacolor Premium Watercolor
Entire line has Cautionary Labeling Seal!

Rembrandt Watercolors
Cadmium Orange
Cadmium Red Deep
Cadmium Red light
Cadmium Yellow Deep
Cadmium Yellow Lemon
Cadmium Yellow Light
Cadmium Yellow Medium
Cerulan Blue
Cobalt Blue
Hooker Green Deep
Sepia
__________________
I'll check in again as soon as I can.
____________________________________________
Laura
***"Work like you don't need the money. Love like you've never been hurt. And dance like no one is watching." – Anonymous!*** http://www.lauradicus.com

Last edited by Laura D : 05-18-2007 at 10:01 PM.
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Old 05-19-2007, 02:18 AM
Kate Mc's Avatar
Kate Mc Kate Mc is offline
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Re: Paint toxicity report

Laura, this was a lot of work for you--thanks for doing it!

The only thing that struck me here is that I have read in a posting from M. Graham that in their paints, cadmiums and other heavy metals are used in a form that is not bio-available--that is, it's just passed through the body and not taken up to do damage. I'm trying to remember where exactly I saw that, but I'm having a "senior moment".

As I look at this list, there are only two pigments that I use regularly. I was surprised to see that New Gamboge is listed as toxic--it doesn't have a health warning on the tube! I know that the true Gamboge is very toxic, though. The other one is Manganese. I have a large stash from the last batch of real Manganese Blue that was made, and I use it often. I find that the pigment settles quickly in my water container, and I usually just pour the water off and wipe it with a paper towel. I think I'll think more carefully about that in the future...


Thanks again for doing all this work for us!




Kate
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Old 05-19-2007, 04:41 AM
Laura D's Avatar
Laura D Laura D is offline
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Re: Paint toxicity report

You're welcome Kate. I was surprised about WN's New Gamboge too. It contains Nickel Dioxide (PY153). I think that is the same pigment that puts Naples Yellow on the toxic list. As to M Graham's paints... this information was from their MSDS* required by law and didn't mention anything about the toxic materials being unavailable to the human body. Do you know where I might find that info?

Another thing to keep in mind is the body's inability to process certain elements, such as lead. It just sits there and accumulates past a point that health can be maintained. One of the statements I did read about the heavy metals is that as mined elements we have not physiologically evolved to process them. Makes you think huh?

If you want to look at the MSDS of any of the paints you can go to Dick Blick's watercolor paints page, browse to the manufacturer's page and click the page icon to the far right of the color in the chart. That will pull up the MSDS provided to the vendor.



As far as I can tell Winsor Newton is the only company to issue a separate MSDS for each color. Everyone else seems to list each color number under each toxic material that is contained in those numbers. (Did that make sense?)

*Material Safety Data Sheet
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***"Work like you don't need the money. Love like you've never been hurt. And dance like no one is watching." – Anonymous!*** http://www.lauradicus.com
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Old 05-19-2007, 01:04 PM
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rcollege rcollege is offline
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Re: Paint toxicity report

Thanks Lauren...
you have me researching the toxic issues again.

Many of the cadmiums now are less bio- available...but eating the paints can cause (if not will) the sulfide to separate from the cadmium...or selenium (which replaces the cadmiums in the best brands)...and then the result could be hydrogen sulfide...nice and toxic...the same stuff found in rotting eggs and other rotting substances.

I'll find a list provided by St. James university showing possble effects as well.
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Old 05-24-2007, 05:11 PM
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Yorky Yorky is offline
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Re: Paint toxicity report

Terrific resarch Laura, I'll link this thread in the Handbook.

Doug
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Old 05-27-2007, 12:53 AM
Laura D's Avatar
Laura D Laura D is offline
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Re: Paint toxicity report

Thank you Doug! Dear hubby is a reporter and it's rubbing off on me. Next thing you know he'll be drawing and painting!

The report is not complete by any means. I will add any new information as I come across it and invite others to do so as well.
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***"Work like you don't need the money. Love like you've never been hurt. And dance like no one is watching." – Anonymous!*** http://www.lauradicus.com
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Old 05-28-2007, 03:17 PM
Neeman Neeman is offline
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Re: Paint toxicity report

For England

W/N Artist Watercolor Safety Data sheets
http://www.winsornewton.com/pdfs/00079.pdf

Cotman Safety Data Sheets
http://www.winsornewton.com/pdfs/00080.pdf


For USA

W/N Artist Watercolor Safety Data sheets
http://www.winsornewton.com/pdfs/AWCALL.pdf

Cotman Safety Data Sheets
http://www.winsornewton.com/pdfs/CWCALL.pdf


And remember we are dealing with very small quanties of chemicals, which are not free, they are in solution.
And disposal instructions is for industrial waste.

Last edited by Neeman : 05-28-2007 at 03:29 PM.
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Old 05-28-2007, 06:39 PM
Laura D's Avatar
Laura D Laura D is offline
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Re: Paint toxicity report

Thanks Neeman!

The Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) are also all linked to every color swatch at Dick Blick's website... easy peasy if you have more than one brand of paint - or only want the info on one color.
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