View Full Version : Masters of Pastels-December 2005-1849-1916-William Merritt Chase

A Few Pigments
12-02-2005, 11:00 PM
William Merritt Chase, 1849-1916, American Impressionist Painter. http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/chase_william_merritt.html

Self Portrait - Dates:1915-1916, Medium: Painting - oil on canvas, Owner/Location: Art Association of Richmond (United States) http://www.the-athenaeum.org/art/detail.php?ID=2349

President of: Society of American Artists.
Founder of: Chase School of Art (from 1896).
Instructor at: Art Students League of New York.
Member of: National Academy of Design, New York.
Student of: Karl Theodor von Piloty (1826-1886), http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karl_Theodor_von_Piloty http://www.wwar.com/masters/p/piloty-karl_theodor_von.html

Impressionism http://www.artcyclopedia.com/history/impressionism.html
Centered in France, 1860's to 1880's
Impressionism is a light, spontaneous manner of painting which began in France as a reaction against the restrictions and conventions of the dominant Academic art. Its naturalistic and down-to-earth treatment of its subject matter, most commonly landscapes, has its roots in the French Realism of Camille Corot and others.

The movement's name was derived from Monet's early work, Impression: Sunrise, which was singled out for criticism by Louis Leroy upon its exhibition.

The hallmark of the style is the attempt to capture the subjective impression of light in a scene.

The core of the earliest Impressionist group was made up of Claude Monet, Alfred Sisley and Pierre-Auguste Renoir. Others associated with this period were Camille Pissarro, Frederic Bazille, Edgar Degas, Gustave Caillebotte, Edouard Manet, and the American Mary Cassatt.

The Impressionist style was probably the single most successful and identifiable "movement" ever, and is still widely practiced today. But as an intellectual school it faded towards the end of the 19th century, branching out into a variety of successive movements which are generally grouped under the term Post-Impressionism.

Chase, William Merritt, 1849–1916, http://www.answers.com/topic/chase-william-merritt
American painter, b. Williamsburg, Ind., studied in Indianapolis and in Munich under Piloty. In 1878 he began his long career as an influential teacher at the Art Students League of New York and later established his own summer school of landscape painting in the Shinnecock Hills on Long Island. Proficient in many media, Chase is best known for his spirited portraits and still lifes in oil. His Carmencita, Lady in Black, and portrait of Whistler (all: Metropolitan Mus.) and My Daughter Alice (Cleveland Mus.) are characteristic. He was president of the Society of American Artists for 10 years and a member of the National Academy of Design.

Chase's many students included:
George Bellows, American Impressionist Painter, 1849-1916, http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/bellows_george_wesley.html Also studied under Robert Henri, American Ashcan School Painter, 1865-1929, http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/henri_robert.html

Georgia O'Keeffe, American Painter, 1887-1986, http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/okeeffe_georgia.html Wife of Alfred Stieglitz, American Photographer, 1864-1946, http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/stieglitz_alfred.html Also studied under Frank Dumond, http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/dumond_frank.html

Rockwell Kent, American Painter and Printmaker, 1882-1971, http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/kent_rockwell.html Also studied under Robert Henri American Ashcan School Painter, 1865-1929, http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/henri_robert.html and Kenneth Hayes Miller, American Painter, 1876-1952, http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/miller_kenneth_hayes.html

Charles Sheeler, American Precisionist Painter and Photographer, 1883-1965, http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/sheeler_charles.html

Dennis Miller Bunker, American Impressionist Painter, 1861-1890, http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/bunker_dennis_miller.html Also studied under Jean-Léon Gérôme, French Academic Painter and Sculptor, 1824-1904, http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/gerome_jean-leon.html

Lydia Field Emmet, American Painter, 1866-1952, http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/emmet_lydia_field.html

Elizabeth Adela Armstrong Forbes, Canadian-born English Painter, 1859-1912, http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/forbes_elizabeth_adela_armstrong.html Wife of Stanhope Alexander Forbes, Irish Realist Painter, 1857-1947, http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/forbes_stanhope_alexander.html

Edmund Greacen, American Impressionist Painter, 1876-1949, http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/greacen_edmund_w.html Father of Nan Greacen, American Painter, 1909-1999, http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/greacen_nan.html

Lilian Westcott Hale, American Painter, 1880-1963, http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/hale_lilian_westcott.html

Robert Onderdonk, American Painter, 1852-1917, http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/onderdonk_robert.html Father of Julian Onderdonk, American Impressionist Painter, 1882-1922, http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/onderdonk_julian.html

Lawton Parker, American Painter, 1868-1954, http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/parker_lawton.html
Also studied under: James McNeill Whistler, American Painter and Printmaker, 1834-1903, http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/whistler_james_mcneill.html Jean-Léon Gérôme, French Academic Painter and Sculptor, 1824-1904, http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/gerome_jean-leon.html Adolphe William Bouguereau, French Academic Painter, 1825-1905, http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/bouguereau_adolphe_william.html Tony Robert-Fleury, French Academic Painter, 1838-1912, http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/robert-fleury_tony.html and Jean-Paul Laurens, French Academic Painter, 1838-1921, http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/laurens_jean-paul.html

Ethel Paxson, American Painter, 1885-1982, http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/paxson_ethel.html

Irving Wiles, American Painter, 1861-1948, http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/wiles_irving_r.html
Also Studied under, Carolus-Duran, French academic Painter, 1838-1917, http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/carolus-duran.html Thomas Wilmer Dewing, American Painter, 1851-1938, http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/dewing_thomas_wilmer.html Leon Bonnat, French Academic Painter, 1833-1922, http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/bonnat_leon.html and Ernest Hebert, French Academic Painter, 1817-1908, http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/hebert_ernest.html

David Ericson, American Painter, 1870-1946, http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/ericson_david.html Also studied under: James McNeill Whistler, American Painter and Printmaker, 1834-1903, http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/whistler_james_mcneill.html

Blanche Lazzell, American Painter and Printmaker, 1878-1956, http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/lazzell_blanche.html

Louis Ritman, Russian-born American Impressionist Painter, 1889-1963, Also studied under Frederick Carl Frieseke, American Impressionist Painter, 1874-1939, http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/frieseke_frederick_carl.html and Jean-Paul Laurens, French Academic Painter, 1838-1921, http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/laurens_jean-paul.html

Leopold Seyffert, American Painter, 1887-1956, http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/seyffert_leopold.html

Frederic Grant, American Painter, 1886-1959, Also studied under Richard Emil Miller, American Impressionist Painter, 1875-1943, http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/miller_richard_emil.html and Alphonse Mucha, Czech Art Nouveau Printmaker, 1860-1939, http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/mucha_alphonse.html

Charles Wrenn, American Painter, 1880-1952, http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/wrenn_charles.html

Arab Encampment, Height:19.68 cm (7.75 in.), Width: 34.29 cm (13.5 in.), pastel on paper

Nude Resting, Height: 73.66 cm (29 in.), Width: 60.96 cm (24 in.), pastel on paper, laid down on canvas

Portrait of Mrs. Chase, Height: 26.04 cm (10.25 in.), Width: 26.67 cm (10.5 in.), pastel on paper

Prospect Park, Brooklyn, Height: 26.67 cm (10.5 in.), Width: 40.64 cm (16 in.), pastel on paper, laid down on canvas

The Garden Wall, Pastel on paper, 7 3/8 x 12 3/8 inches (19 x 31.7 cm)

Circa 1880-1883, The Consultation, Height: 56.52 cm (22.25 in.), Width: 46.99 cm (18.5 in.), pastel

circa 1880-1884, Child with Prints, pastel on canvas laid down on board

circa 1883-1884, Surprise! aka Alice Gerson, Height: 76.2 cm (30 in.), Width: 59.69 cm (23.5 in.), pastel on paper

1884, End of the Season, Height: 34.92 cm (13.75 in.), Width: 45.09 cm (17.75 in.), pastel on paper

circa 1884, In the Studio aka Virginia Gerson, pastel on paper, laid down on linen

circa 1884, Young Girl on an Ocean Steamer, pastel on paper

circa 1884-1888, Flowers aka Roses, Height: 33.02 cm (13 in.), Width: 28.89 cm (11.38 in.), pastel on paper

circa 1885, Reflections aka Canal Scene, Height: 60.96 cm (24 in.), Width: 76.2 cm (30 in.), pastel on paper

circa 1885-1886, Meditation aka Portrait of the Artist's Wife, Height: 67.31 cm (26.5 in.), Width: 51.44 cm (20.25 in.), pastel on canvas

circa 1886, Good Friends, pastel on paper, mounted on linen

circa 1886, Terrace, Prospect Park, pastel on paper

circa 1886, The White Rose aka Miss Jessup, pastel on canvas

circa 1887, Afternoon in the Park, Height: 48.26 cm (19 in.), Width: 39.05 cm (15.38 in.), pastel on canvas

circa 1887-1888, The Model, Height: 50.8 cm (20 in.), Width: 40.64 cm (16 in.), pastel on paper

circa 1888, Afternoon by the Sea aka Gravesend Bay, Height: 50.8 cm (20 in.), Width: 76.2 cm (30 in.), pastel on linen

circa 1888, Back of a Nude, pastel

circa 1888, Back of a Nude, Height: 54.61 cm (21.5 in.), Width: 38.1 cm (15 in.), pastel on canvas

circa 1888, My Baby aka Cosy, Height: 35.56 cm (14 in.), Width: 30.48 cm (12 in.), pastel on paper

circa 1888, Still Life - Brass and Glass, 27 x 37 inches, (68.6 x 94.0 cm), pastel on paper

circa 1889, I am Going to See Grandma aka Mrs. Chase and Child, Height: 73.66 cm (29 in.), Width: 104.14 cm (41 in.) pastel on paper

circa 1889, Making Her Toilet, 19 x 9 5/8 inches (48.3 x 24.5 cm), pastel on paper, mounted on board

circa 1889, Making Her Toilet aka At Her Toilet, Height: 48.26 cm (19 in.), Width: 24.45 cm (9.63 in.) pastel on paper

circa 1890, At the Window, Height: 46.99 cm (18.5 in.), Width: 27.94 cm (11 in.) pastel on gray paper, mounted on canvas

1890, Afternoon in the Park, Pastel on canvas, 19 x 15 1/4 inches (48.3 x 39.0 cm)

1892, Hall at Shinnecock, Height: 81.6 cm (32.13 in.), Width: 104.14 cm (41 in.), pastel on canvas
1893 http://www.artrenewal.org/asp/database/image.asp?id=7465

circa 1892, Interior, Young Woman at a Table, pastel on paper

circa 1895, The Bayberry Bush, Pastel

circa 1897, Peonies, Height: 121.92 cm (48 in.), Width: 121.92 cm (48 in.), pastel on paper

circa 1906, Dorothy, Height: 53.98 cm (21.25 in.), Width: 44.45 cm (17.5 in.), pastel on paper

12-03-2005, 12:48 AM
Nice to see an American pastellist other than Cassatt. Of course, Chase used oils for his more "important" pieces (the same prejudices against anything not oil on canvas was probably even worse in his day than it still is today). But I have always loved the look of his pastels...lots of energy, painterliness, and elegance in both design and technique. Have always thought Chase's work is too often overlooked...nice to see it here!

A Few Pigments
12-05-2005, 05:11 AM
Thank you Khadres. I think by saving Chase for last I saved the best for last. This is the last thread on what I think of as the old masters of pastels. Starting in January I’ll cover artists from 1950 on. I hope more contemporary artists will be more interesting for everyone. There might be copyright issues with some of them, but we’ll see as we go along.

12-05-2005, 08:48 AM
Contemporary masters could really be cool! It's a good thing to know what's being done by the best out there. Will be looking forward to the New Year of Pastel Masters.

12-12-2005, 09:21 AM
Wow! This one is really striking. What a level of finish. http://www.the-athenaeum.org/art/display_image.php?id=46564. A master indeed!

A Few Pigments
12-19-2005, 07:37 AM
Hi E-J, I clicked on your link and I got this message.

"The Athenaeum - Interactive Humanities Online (www.the-athenaeum.org)
Sorry, direct image linking is not allowed; it uses the bandwidth we need for visitors to our site.
Please make a copy of the image, or link to the artwork detail page instead. Thanks."

12-19-2005, 07:38 AM
Sorry, Bruce. I was trying to link directly to the "Nude Resting":

A Few Pigments
12-19-2005, 06:02 PM
Hi E-J,
I looked at the painting and I’m wondering how you mean “level of finish”. The figure looks blended, but there are visible strokes. Could he get this by just using strokes or would he have to blend some parts with his fingers and not others?

Did you notice at the right edge of the hand on the right, there is a double image of the side of the wrist and hand? I wonder why he left it that way.