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A Few Pigments
11-01-2005, 07:54 AM
1704-1788 Maurice Quentin de La Tour

French Rococo Era Painter, 1704-1788
Painter, Pastellist
Born in : Saint-Quentin, France 1704 - Died on 17 February 1788 in Saint-Quentin, France
Also known as: Maurice-Quentin Delatour.


http://www.wetcanvas.com/Community/images/01-Nov-2005/42249-1740_de_La_Tour_Autoportrait_Pas_500.jpg
1740, Autoportrait, Pastel on blue-grey paper
http://www.insecula.com/us/oeuvre/O0009824.html

http://www.wetcanvas.com/Community/images/01-Nov-2005/42249-c_1750-1760_de_La_Tour__Selbstportrat_Pas_500.jpg
c. 1750-1760, Selbstporträt, Pastell, 64 × 53 cm, Musée de Picardie
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Maurice_Quentin_de_La_Tour_003.jpg

http://www.wetcanvas.com/Community/images/01-Nov-2005/42249-c_1760_de_La_Tour_Self-Portrait_Pas_500.jpg
c. 1760, Self-Portrait, pastel on laid paper, 48 x 32.7 cm (sheet), Grace Spreckels Hamilton Collection, bequest of Grace Hamilton Kelham
http://search.famsf.org:8080/view.shtml?keywords=%6C%61%20%74%6F%75%72%20%6D%61%75%72%69%63%65&artist=&country=&period=&sort=&start=1&position=1&record=60637


Student of: Claude Dupouch, Jean, II Restout (1692-1768), Jean Jacques Spoede (1680-1757).

Teacher of: Joseph Boze (1745-1826), Adelaide Labille-Guiard (1749-1803) from 1769 to 1774, Jacques Neilson (1714-1788) in 1743, Katherine Rad (1723-1779).


Rococo Art, Europe, 1715 to 1774
Rococo Art succeeded Baroque Art in Europe. It was most popular in France, and is generally associated with the reign of King Louis XV (1715-1774). It is a light, elaborate and decorative style of art.

Quintessentially Rococo artists include Jean-Honore Fragonard, François Boucher, Jean-Antoine Watteau and Giovanni Battista Tiepolo.

Rococo was eventually replaced by Neoclassicism, which was the signature visual style of Napoleon in France and of the American revolution.


Biography http://www.wga.hu/frames-e.html?/bio/l/la_tour/maurice/biograph.html
He was, with Perronneau, the most celebrated French pastellist of the 18th century. He was born in St Quentin and went to Paris as a young man; after visits to London and other places he settled in Paris 1724-84. He soon found that the vogue for pastel portraits started by Rosalba Carriera in 1719/20 was still capable of exploitation and he devoted the rest of his life to it. His portraits are characterized by an extreme vivacity of handling - sometimes rather vulgar - and a firm grasp of character. As a very old man the study of politics drove him crazy, and he retired to St Quentin, where the largest and best collection of his works is to be found: it includes many studies and sketches which are sometimes superior to the finished portraits.


Biography http://www.getty.edu/art/collections/bio/a3373-1.html
He is no longer satisfied with painting a perfect likeness; he knows how to animate his portraits and make them come to life like no one before him," exclaimed a contemporary about celebrated pastelist Maurice-Quentin Delatour. The son of a musician who disapproved of painting as a career, Delatour ran away from home at age fifteen. He studied in Paris with a Flemish painter and painted portraits in England, then returned to Paris in the mid-1720s. Encountering the new vogue for pastels, he became a pastelist.

Delatour exhibited at the Salon from 1738 to 1763 without interruption. He became a member of the Académie Royale in 1746 and portraitist to the king in 1750. His vivacious, penetrating portraits were commissioned by royalty, upper middle class, and leading personalities in the arts, sciences, and letters. A technical virtuoso, Delatour experimented with fixatives in the hope of giving pastels the permanence of oils. Late in life, Delatour founded an art school and several charitable organizations. He spent his last years confined to his house due to mental illness. His rivals in pastels included Jean-Baptiste Perroneau and Jean-Etienne Liotard, but Joseph Ducreux was his only pupil.


UNDATED PASTELS
Abbé Huber Reading, pastel on grey-blue paper, 81 x 102 cm, Musée d'art et d'histoire, Geneva
http://artyzm.com/world/t/tour/abbe.htm

Portrait of Crébillon, pastel, 31 x 22 cm, Musée Antoine-Lecuyer, Saint-Quentin
http://artyzm.com/world/t/tour/crebillon.htm

Jeanne-Antoinette Poisson (de Pompadour), Pastel on blue paper, Louvre Museum, Pastels du XVIIIème siècle, Sully Wing - Second floor - Section 45
http://www.insecula.com/us/oeuvre/O0009803.html

Le Maréchal de Saxe, Pastel on blue paper, Louvre Museum, Pastels du XVIIIème siècle, Sully Wing - Second floor - Section 45
http://www.insecula.com/us/oeuvre/O0009807.html


DATED PASTELS
1739-1741, Gabriel Bernard de Rieux, Pastel and gouache on paper mounted on canvas, 79 x 59 in.
http://www.getty.edu/art/collections/objects/o1065.html

1740, Autoportrait, Pastel on blue-grey paper
http://www.insecula.com/us/oeuvre/O0009824.html

1742, Portrait de la présidente de Rieux, Pastel sur papier collé sur toile, 1.16 x 0.9 meters
http://www.v1.paris.fr/musees/cognacq_jay/Collections/textes/notices/J120.htm

c. 1743, Le sculpteur René Frémin, Pastel on grey paper, Louvre Museum, Pastels du XVIIIème siècle, Sully Wing - Second floor - Section 45
http://www.insecula.com/us/oeuvre/O0009808.html

1745, Louis Duval de L’Épinoy, Pastel, 119.5 x 92.8 cm
http://museu.gulbenkian.pt/obra.asp?num=2380&nuc=a9&lang=en

1748, Maurice, Comte de Saxe, Marshal of France, Pastel on paper, 23 3/8 x 19 1/4 inches (59.5 x 49 cm), Gemäldegalerie, Dresden
http://www.artrenewal.org/asp/database/image.asp?id=24532

1748, Prince Charles Edward Stewart, Pastel on paper, 61.00 x 51.00 cm
http://www.nationalgalleries.org/collections/artist_search.php?enlarge=1&objectId=36356&zoom=1

c. 1750, Henry Dawkins, Pastel on paper mounted on canvas, 66.7 x 53.3 cm.
http://www.nationalgallery.org.uk/cgi-bin/WebObjects.dll/CollectionPublisher.woa/wa/work?workNumber=NG5118

c. 1750-1760, Porträt des Moritz Graf von Sachsen, Marschall von Frankreich, Pastell, 59.5 × 49 cm, Gemäldegalerie im Dresdner Zwinger
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Maurice_Quentin_de_La_Tour_001.jpg

c. 1750-1760, Porträt einer Dame, Pastell Papier, 63,5 × 53,4 cm, Boston Museum of Fine Arts
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Maurice_Quentin_de_La_Tour_002.jpg

c. 1750-1760, Selbstporträt, Pastell, 64 × 53 cm, Musée de Picardie
http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Maurice_Quentin_de_La_Tour_003.jpg

1750-1760, Ritratto di Charles-Jacques Colin, Pastello su carta, 59 x 49 cm
http://www.accademiacarrara.bergamo.it/iniziat/Rau/visita/lmcolinz.html

c. 1750, Jean Charles Garnier d'Isle, Pastel and gouache on paper, laid down on canvas; 25 3/8 x 21 1/4 in. (64.5 x 54 cm), Purchase, Walter and Leonore Annenberg and The Annenberg Foundation Gift, 2002
http://www.metmuseum.org/Works_of_Art/viewOne.asp?dep=11&viewMode=1&item=2002%2E439

1751, Self-Portrait, Pastel on paper, Private collection
http://www.artrenewal.org/asp/database/image.asp?id=24534

c. 1751, Anne Marie Louise Nicole de Lamoignon de Malsherbes, Pastel on blue laid paper, 31 5/8 x 26 3/8 in. (80.3 x 67 cm), Frame: 44 1/4 x 38 x 4 in. (112.4 x 96.5 x 10.2 cm)
http://www.dia.org/the_collection/overview/viewobject.asp?objectid=51612

c. 1753, Portrait of Louis de Silvestre, Black and white chalk, blue and rose pastel on faded blue paper, 12 13/16 x 8 7/16 in.
http://www.getty.edu/art/collections/objects/o182193.html

1753, Mlle Ferrand Meditating on Newton, Pastel on paper, 28 5/8 x 23 1/2 inches (73 x 60 cm),Alte Pinakothek, Munich
http://www.artrenewal.org/asp/database/image.asp?id=24533

c. 1760, Self-Portrait, pastel on laid paper, 48 x 32.7 cm (sheet), Grace Spreckels Hamilton Collection, bequest of Grace Hamilton Kelham
http://search.famsf.org:8080/view.shtml?keywords=%6C%61%20%74%6F%75%72%20%6D%61%75%72%69%63%65&artist=&country=&period=&sort=&start=1&position=1&record=60637


Artcyclopedia http://www.artcyclopedia.com/artists/la_tour_maurice_quentin_de.html

PeggyB
11-01-2005, 01:53 PM
Oh my - he certainly did have "velvet" and "five o'clock shadow" done pat. These are wonderful Bruce. Thank you for doing the research and sharing.

Peggy

HarvestMoon
11-01-2005, 01:59 PM
Wonderful job- and how he can do all that lace is amazing....

E-J
11-02-2005, 09:09 AM
"The son of a musician who disapproved of painting as a career". I love that!

One of the great pastel geniuses. Thanks as ever, Bruce, for the fascinating links!

A Few Pigments
11-02-2005, 10:29 AM
Hi E-J, ta for stopping by. I can understand why his father thought music would be a better profession. I’m glad though Maurice didn’t listen to his father.


Hi purples , thank you for stopping by. The lace is amazing as well as everything else he did. All that detail would send me round the bend.


Hi Peggy, thank you for stopping by. Yes he did seem to do velvet incredibly well. it always amazes me when anyone can make anything look like a photograph.

Orchidacea
11-03-2005, 07:55 PM
Doesn't he have a cat-that-swallowed-the canary smile! He looks like he was mischievous and fun--or at least wanted to portray himself that way.

RachelK
11-03-2005, 08:02 PM
Thanks for posting those. The Art Institute of Chicago took his and Carriera's down recently. :-( They weren't up the last time I was there.

A Few Pigments
11-03-2005, 09:07 PM
Hi Rachel, you’re welcome. I’m not surprised they took them down. The Art Institute has never been the flavor of the month with me.


Hi Kim, yes, he does have that kind of smile, but I’ve never found any information about his diet on the internet.