Author: Kitaye, Contributing Editor
|Now that you have chosen a method, you get to fill in the rest of your drawing. Using a size 01 Micron pen, begin drawing the stones in the rest of the wall. Remember, if you are creating a closer image of the stones than I have, you can use a larger pen size.
If you come to the edge of the paper, don't worry. Just keep creating your blocks as if there were paper there. Sometimes that will mean a very thin sliver of a stone face showing, and sometimes, it means darkening the edge to create mortar between stones.
|As you can see in the image below, I am about halfway through with the stones. Building from the bottom up, I have reached the arch. By using smaller stones laid horizontally, you can form fit the stonework around the arch. It means you will have thicker mortar lines around the arch; but in the end, it makes it look a little more 3-D, as if the arch stones stand out a little from the rest of the wall.|
|This portion of the wall will take several hours. At this point, it should look something like the one below. As you see, I have several lines that have gotten out of control. No problem. When we start the shading we will use those lines to help us create the texture of the stone itself.|
|Stippling is the process of creating shading and texture through the use of dots. You create a stippled effect by touching the very tip of the pen to the paper. Shading is done by either controlling the strength and tightness (this refers to how close together the dots are placed on the paper) of the stipple or by using multiple layers of stipple. Because it is very easy to go too dark too fast with stipple, I tend to use a combination of the two techniques.
To the right I have included a sheet of stipple strengths. In this, tutorial I use the terms loose, somewhat loose, somewhat tight, and tight to refer to the strength of the stipple layer.
|Now that you have drawn each stone, it is time to start shading the wall. We will use the stipple technique to create the illusions of texture and light. To my right, you will see a step by step guide for shading the support stones. Each stone from bottom to top is a different step in the shading process. In this portion of the stone wall, I have used the Micron size 01 pen. This creates a slightly different texture than the finer pen and will lend interest to your stones.
1) To do this step you merely use dots to outline the area you wish to be darker in shading. As you can see, the light source is from the front center location. We create this look by creating scallops of darkness on the outside edge of both stone faces.
2) Place a loose stipple over the entire face where you are working. You still should be able to see your scalloped outline once you are done.
3) Inside the scalloped outline, create a second layer of loose stipple. This will darken the area slightly. See the image to the right for an example. Make sure you keep your stipple inside the outline you drew. Using the same looseness, stipple along the top and bottom edges of the stone.
4) Place a somewhat tighter layer of stipple inside the scallop outline. This time you should stray over the outline, blurring it into the background. As in step 3, darken your upper and lower edges with this somewhat tighter stipple.
5) Working from dark to light, apply a somewhat tight layer of stipple to darken the outer edges to differentiate from the lighter area. Be sure to fade the shadow so it blends smoothly with the light area.
6) Finish the shading by darkening any area that needs it and by applying any extra texture. As you can see in the finished stone to the right, I have placed a very tight line of stipple in the light area, creating the appearance of a rough edge.